DigitalOcean's Ubuntu 16.04 ships with Python3 by default, something Ansible can't work with without some configuration.
Allow me to try and show you how I got it working.
First things first. Create a new Droplet via DigitalOcean, name it whatever you want but make sure you add your local SSH key. I use a $5 Ubuntu 16.04 server, which will suffice.
When DigitalOcean is done provisioning your server,
ssh into it via your terminal.
When you're logged in, create a new SSH key which we'll use for the servers we want managed by Ansible.
ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "firstname.lastname@example.org"
Copy the content and open DigitalOcean's security settings and add a new SSH key. Give it a descriptive name and paste your clipboard's content into the text area.
When that's all said and done, it's time to install Ansible on your new server.
Open up your terminal, make sure you're
ssh'ed in, and follow along. Fire the following commands one by one, and when it's done you'll have the latest version of Ansible installed and ready to go.
sudo apt-get install -y software-properties-common sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:ansible/ansible sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install -y ansible
Check Ansible's version:
which ansible # /usr/bin/ansible
ansible --version # ansible 126.96.36.199 # config file = /etc/ansible/ansible.cfg # configured module search path = Default w/o overrides # python version = 2.7.12 (default, Nov 19 2016, 06:48:10) [GCC 5.4.0 20160609]
At the time of writing this is the latest version.
As you can see, Ansible 188.8.131.52 ships with Python 2.7.12 by default. DigitalOcean's Ubuntu 16.04 ships with Python3 by default. We need to tell Ansible to use Python3 instead. More on that later.
At this point it's a good idea to create 2 or 3 new droplets via DigitalOcean (Ubuntu 16.04). These droplets will be managed via Ansible. Make sure to add the main droplet's SSH key alongside your personal key.
Make a backup of your hosts file in
/etc/ansible and open up a new hosts file.
cd /etc/ansible mv hosts hosts.backup vim hosts
Make a group of IP addresses you want Ansible to manage. These IP addresses come from the droplets we created earlier.
[web] xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
Run your first command
ansible all -m ping -u root
You'll have to accept the authenticity of each server. You'll notice Ansible returns an error on each attempt. This is because it can't find Python.
Edit the file so it looks similar to the following:
[web] xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx [web:vars] ansible_python_interpreter=/usr/bin/python3
Run your first command. Again.
ansible all -m ping -u root
This time the response should be successful.
That's it. You should now be able to manage your Ubuntu 16.04 droplets with Ansible 184.108.40.206. Happy automating!